The Groupe PSA
= is deploying its AVA "Autonomous Vehicle for All" programme to build an autonomous car that is simple and intuitive, offering a driving experience that is safe and comfortable.
AVA « Autonomous Vehicle for All » Programme
The AVA programme brings together a range of driving assistance functions that will lead to the autonomous car.
The Group’s autonomous car will be built around these concepts:
- easy-to-use technology for all: To accompany the driver with self-driving functions, the Groupe PSA designs interfaces that are simple to use and intuitive, so that drivers can interact comfortably with their cars, and are able to take the wheel at any time;
- an offer for all: built of different degrees of autonomy to respond to customers’ different expectations;
- a programme for all: deployed on the Groupe PSA’s three brands, Peugeot, Citroën and DS.
The AVA "Autonomous Vehicle for All" programme is deployed in several stages
Automation of Groupe PSA models is already in progress, as driving assistance functions are already available on several of the Group’s models:
- the Peugeot 208, 308, 2008, Traveller and the new Peugeot 3008, the Citroën C4 Picasso, the C3 and the SpaceTourer in Europe;
- the Peugeot 4008 and the Citroën C6 in China.
Some illustrations of the Level 1 functions (see “Did you know?” for the different automation levels)
- the car adapts to the speed of the car in front of it, it maintains a safe distance and is able to stop automatically through the “cruise control with stop function”;
- the car warns the driver in case of a possible accident using “collision risk alert”; if necessary the car can automatically brake using “automatic emergency braking”;
- the car comes automatically back into lane should it go out of it using the “lane departure warning system”;
- the car detects a parking space according to its size and commands the steering system to complete the parking manoeuvre using “Park Assist”.
Autonomous vehicles reach a new milestone thanks to the collaboration between Groupe PSA and VINCI Autoroutes
Groupe PSA and VINCI Autoroutes have tested new autonomous vehicle features in Saint-Arnoult-en-Yvelines (France), following on from the trial carried out in July 2017
- The driving situations tested in this new phase of the common programme require more sophisticated communication between the autonomous vehicle and road infrastructure. The goal is to improve the vehicle’s ability to adapt its driving in exceptional or complex situations.
- This operation is part of a collaboration between the two partners, which began in 2016. The results of these trials will feed into the standardisation work that will be carried out in various collaborative projects such as C-Roads or the SAM Project, to which both groups contribute.
On 11 July, VINCI Autoroutes and Groupe PSA have deepen trials to assess a vehicle’s ability to drive autonomously at cruising speed and pass through a tollgate in autonomous mode. Two new complex driving situations were also tested in real traffic conditions on the VINCI Autoroutes network:
– changing into autonomous mode in a traffic area temporarily altered due to roadworks;
– performing a “safe stop”, which involves the vehicle driving to a safe place in the event that the driver does not take back control in a specific situation (exceptional presence of obstacles on the road, severely deteriorated weather conditions, etc.) or in case of the end of the motorway.
These trials were carried out on the A10 and A11 motorways between Dourdan and Ablis using a Groupe PSA Peugeot 3008 prototype, which is part of the autonomous vehicle fleet for the AVA “Autonomous Vehicle for All” programme.
Carla GOHIN, Groupe PSA’s Chief Technology Officer, said: “This trial is an additional step towards the deployment of autonomous vehicles. Two years after the first trial, the aim was to include even more constraints in the use cases by strengthening communication between the autonomous vehicle and the road infrastructure in order to broaden the scope of the system’s action while ensuring safety. These trials demonstrate the innovative and practical nature of the collaboration between Groupe PSA and VINCI Autoroutes, which is vital for the development of autonomous vehicles.”
“Smart motorway infrastructure is an essential asset in the development of autonomous vehicles. It enhances the contextual data shared with the navigation system to optimise the vehicle’s decision-making abilities and route,” said Pierre COPPEY, Chairman of VINCI Autoroutes and Executive Vice-President of VINCI. “In this respect, our collaboration with PSA is full of promise. The motorway network offers a life-sized testing ground for new mobility solutions that will revolutionize road use in the future.”
“Since 2018, automated driving functions “under driver supervision” have been the second stage of the Autonomous Vehicle for All (AVA) programme. Some level 2 functions have been launched on DS 7 CROSSBACK and PEUGEOT 508“.
- the car will manage its speed and control its trajectory itself. The “Connected Pilot” offers complete assistance on motorways;
- the car parks itself without the driver having to intervene using the “Park Pilot“;
- the onboard systems in the car can identify obstacles to offer augmented roadway visibility for night driving with “Night Vision“;
- a camera in the car’s interior tracks the driver’s alertness using “Driver Attention Monitoring“.
From 2024 onwards, level 3 autonomous driving functions will make it possible to completely delegate driving to the vehicle.
Groupe PSA is also the first car manufacturer to have obtained authorisation in France to carry out tests in autonomous mode with “non-expert” drivers. These tests began in March 2017 with “typical” drivers who were able to test the Group’s autonomous cars.
Groupe PSA: First car manufacturer to carry out tests on autonomous cars in France
Groupe PSA is the first to have tested the autonomous car on roads opened in France in July 2015, and also on European roads.
In January 2019, Groupe PSA was also the first French car manufacturer to obtain authorisations to test autonomous driving on open roads in China (Chongqing).
To date, more than 170,000 kilometres have been covered in autonomous mode on expressways in Europe, and nearly 10,000 kilometres in China.
23 prototypes from level 2 to level 5 are currently being used by the Group and its partners. (See “Did you know” for the different levels of automation)
These tests allow us to work on the operational security of our systems and to detect potentially dangerous situations linked to infrastructures and road users.
The safety and security of the system’s operations are at the heart of our concerns.
The different situations we encounter allow us to develop steering algorithms and onboard intelligence to guarantee that the Group’s autonomous cars behave safely on the road.
DID YOU KNOW?
Automation in autonomous cars are classed into five levels
(OICA – Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs Automobiles, International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers – classification)
Level 1 “Hands-on”: driver assistance under driver supervision
Level 2 “Hands-on” or “Hands-off”: automated driving under driver supervision
Level 3 “Eyes-off”: automated driving in defined situations without driver supervision, with driver taking the wheel if requested by the system
Level 4 “Mind-Off”: automated driving in defined situations without driver supervision without requiring the driver to take the wheel
Level 5 “Driverless”: automated driving without a driver